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Common children's illnesses

What are the seven most common bugs or illnesses kids can pick up

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We spoke to Dr. Saeed Elian Abou Eida, a consultant pediatrician MD at Mediclinic Welcare Hospital, to find out what are the seven most common bugs or illnesses kids can pick up

1. Chicken Pox
Symptoms?
Your child will have a fever and feel generally unwell, with a characteristic rash developing within 24 hours. The rash will start on the torso and spread over the next seven to 10 days to head, arms, and legs. The rash will start as red papules but each spot will eventually crust over.
Visit doctor? If it is mild, there is no need to visit the doctor.
How long will it last? Seven to 10 days
Best treatment? Paracetamol for fever and Anti-histamine for congestion.
When to seek urgent help? If the child develops a high fever.

2. Gastroenteritis
Symptoms?
Diarrhea at least three times in 24 hours. With severe infection, blood and mucus may appear in the stools. The child might also vomit, have stomach cramps, and a high temperature or headache.
Visit doctor? Yes, for evaluation and management.
How long will it last? Five to seven days
Best treatment? Oral rehydration solution. If the child is vomiting too, they may need IV Fluids. If there is blood or mucus in the stool, they may need an antibiotic.
When to seek urgent help? If your child is less than six months old. Also consult a doctor if your child develops a high temperature, is dehydrated or drowsy, or if there is blood in stool or abdominal pain.

3. Allergic Rhinitis
Symptoms?
When your child comes into contact with the allergen, they will have an itchy nose, mouth, eyes, throat or skin. They may have a runny nose and sneezing, along with watery eyes. Later, the child may develop a stuffy nose, clogged ears, sore throat, and dark circles and puffiness under the eyes.
Visit doctor? Yes, for evaluation and management.
How long will it last? The child will always have the allergy, but the severity depends on the allergen.
Best treatment? A nasal wash with saline can help with mild symptoms. Other treatments that can help include Antihistamines, Nasal Corticosteroid Sprays, Decongestants, or even Allergy Shots.
When to seek urgent help? If your child develops high fever with severe headache and ear pain.

4. Common Cold
Symptoms?
Your child will have a sore throat, cough, headache, mild fever, muscle aches, and loss of appetite.
Visit doctor? No need
How long will it last? One to two weeks
Best treatment? Time cures all. Medicine won’t cure the common cold but can be used to relieve such symptoms as muscle aches, headache and fever. There is no need for antibiotics.
When to seek urgent help? If you notice any breathing difficulty, coughing, high fever, or swollen glands.

5. Bronchial Asthma
Symptoms?
If your child has asthma, he or she will suffer from frequent coughing spells (often at play, at night, or when laughing or crying), less energy during play, rapid breathing (intermittently), a whistling sound in the chest, and feelings of weakness or tiredness.
Visit doctor? Yes for diagnosis and management
How long will it last? For life, but as a child grows the symptoms will improve.
Best treatment? You should avoid avoid triggers (for example, smoke or dust). Medication will be prescribed, including a short acting bronchodilator (for example, salbutamol), corticosteroid, long acting bronchodilator or leukotriene inhibitor.
When to seek urgent help? If you notice your child has a blue face, breathing difficulties, or continuous coughing.

6. Reseola
Symptoms?
Your child will have a sudden onset of high fever that lasts 3-5 days, possibly also with irritability, swollen glands, runny nose, puffy eyelids, and diarrhea. Within 12-24 hours of the fever breaking, a rash appears.
Visit doctor? Yes for evaluation and treatment
How long will it last? Around seven days
Best treatment? Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, and tepid sponges for high fever.
When to seek urgent help? If your child develops a high fever or convulsions.

7. Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
Symptoms?
The child may feel tired, have a sore throat, or have a fever. A few days later, sores or blisters appear in or on the mouth and the hands, feet and sometimes the buttocks. In some cases, a skin rash may appear before blisters do. Visit doctor? Yes, for evaluation
How long will it last? Around seven days
Best treatment? Paracetamol for pain and fever. If your child has not eaten for a long time, admission of IV may be needed.
When to seek urgent help? If your child has a high fever, is not eating or is unable to swallow.
Mediclinic Welcare Hospital, Dubai. www.mediclinic.ae/WelcareHospital

By Time Out Dubai Kids staff
Time Out Dubai,

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