Family pressures not to work in a public role, or concern that a working woman means her husband cannot provide properly for the family are issues, the paper reports.
The study, which asked the opinions of 68 Emiratis aged between 17 and 26, also found that respondents thought that companies preferred to hire foreign workers rather than local women.
"When you ask women whether they'd like to work, they all say that they'd like to work once they leave university. Then they encounter the reality that women from good families don't do this. This rule is almost unspoken," Dr Meenaz Kassam, a professor in the department of international studies, told the paper.
Respondents urged for changes to working practices, like the introduction of home working and flexible hours, as ways to increase the number of working women.