The seemingly innumerable hotels and restaurants in Dubai are just one sign that food and hospitality is big business in this city. The second is the annual frenzy that surrounds Gulfood ( The industry-only event, which takes place at Dubai World Trade Centre on February 19-22, will draw an estimated 62,000 people from across the world.

Trade visitors will be treated to 100 international pavilions and 3,800 exhibitors showcasing the latest innovations and products covering everything from food and drink to hospitality and beverage equipment, and even processing and packaging. Together they paint a picture of an increasingly complex and competitive industry that will keep Dubai going long after the last drop of oil has been drained from the UAE. In celebration of Gulfood (and food in the Gulf), we thought it was time to take a look at the intricacies of regional food, and its reputation in this age of culinary innovation.

One of the most difficult aspects when discussing food is the vague categorisation so liberally attributed to regional cuisine. While labelling food by its origin is necessary (not to mention practical), there’s a tendency to overlook the diversity within a region. For example, ‘Chinese’ food is never just noodles, and ‘Indian’ (despite what many Brits may say) is so much more than chicken tikka masala.

The ‘Middle Eastern’ label is perhaps the most misleading, because it refers to dishes from numerous countries spanning several continents (‘MENA’ is another problem altogether, because it brings North African cuisine into the equation). Yet for all Middle Eastern cuisine’s geographical diversity, the majority of us are only familiar with staples such as hummus and baba ganoush.

This, according to Ewaan head chef Mokhtar Elkholy, is largely to do with the expectations of visitors to the region, who will order more predictable dishes as a result of their limited exposure to Middle Eastern cuisine in their home country. This means many people overlook treats such as date ravioli (a marriage of Arabic and Mediterranean traditions) and traditional Arabic seafood stew (a nod to the Middle East’s rich seafaring heritage).

Chef Mokhtar also points out that Middle Eastern cuisine’s diversity isn’t simply a result of geography, but also religious influences. ‘One thing to remember,’ he says, ‘is that Islam is not just reflected in daily prayers and chores, but also in the dining habits of people in the region. Halal cooking [exemplifies this].’

In Dubai, Mokhtar feels there has been a conscious effort made by some Middle Eastern venues to serve more traditional dishes, in an attempt to maintain the identity of local cuisine. On the other hand, it’s inevitable that Middle Eastern food here will evolve in keeping with the city’s cosmopolitan tastes.

Mohammad Jammoul, sous chef at Khaymat Al Bahar at the Madinat Jumeirah, believes that the aim of many local chefs is not to create complex variations of traditional foods (as their European counterparts have done in the past). Instead, he explains they prefer to fine-tune their technique for better, more delicious results – which, incidentally, seems to be the current trend in Europe.

The uniqueness of Middle Eastern cuisine comes from the simplicity of the combination of ingredients,’ explains Mohammad. ‘Instead of reinventing the dishes to create new and contemporary Arabic cuisine, the secret is to fine-tune the techniques to produce amazing Middle Eastern food.’ Here we recommend four less ‘mainstream’ Middle Eastern dishes, and three places to try them.

What to order
Don’t be tempted by the tried and tested. Opt for these more unusual dishes instead
This Arabic salad dish consists of fresh, punchy rocket leaves served with tomatoes and enlivened with finely chopped onion, marinated with lemon juice sumac powder, and olive oil.

A hearty mix of crushed nuts breadcrumbs, tomatoes and chilli paste, eaten as a dip with bread, as a spread for toast and as a sauce for meat and fish. Muhammara is referred to as ‘acuka’ in western Turkey.

Warak Enab
These traditional vine-leaf parcels are stuffed with seasoned rice and pieces of tomato. The Turkish call this dish ‘dolma’, while in some Arabic countries it’s known as ‘yalnji’.

This dish comprises crumbled cheese with onion, tomato and olive oil. Spices such as aniseed and chilli can be added; Syrian shankleesh is often covered in chilli so is spicier than usual and red in colour.

Three restaurants to try
Head here to sample something other than shish taouk…
Ewaan: To try Chef Mokhtar’s Middle-Eastern delights, we recommend visiting the restaurant’s ‘Arabian Nights’ event, which takes place every Wednesday and features live music, belly dancers and a traditional Middle Eastern barbecue serving mezze, falafel, saj and ouzi.
Dhs250 per person. Wed 8.30pm-11.30pm. The Palace, The Old Town, Downtown Dubai (04 423 8888).

Khaymat Al Bahar: Taste exactly what Chef Mohammad has in store at this restaurant’s new dining experience, which features late-night shisha in the tents by the Al Qasr pool, music courtesy of a female oud player, and cushions spilling out onto the beach for a laid-back feel. There are also plenty of traditional dishes to sample.
Open Mon-Sat 7pm-1am. Al Qasr Hotel, Madinat Jumeirah (04 366 6730).

Almaz by Momo:
Headed by restaurateur extraordinaire Mourad ‘Momo’ Mazouz (the man behind Sketch in London), Almaz offers plenty of Middle Eastern dishes to die for, including ‘harira’ (a chickpea, lentil and lamb soup that is full-bodied and rich) and ‘kefta tagine’ (tender lamb with tomato, potato and egg).
Harvey Nichols, Mall of the Emirates (04 409 8877).